Christianity being introduced to the horn of Africa clearly is not as a result of missionary work of Europeans. So what happened was a situation where the Africans were taught to hate everything African and to accept the European way of living. Required fields are marked *, The Blacks of the 1960s: Black History from the Pages of EBONY, Black History from the Pages of EBONY: The Black Americans of the 1980’s, Trailblazing NASA mathematician, Katherine Johnson, depicted in ‘Hidden Figures,’ dead at 101, Black History from the Pages of EBONY: The African-Americans of the 1990s. Entertainment Nana Ekua Brew-Hammond is the author of the novel Powder Necklace and founder of the blog People Who Write. 103-115 103 Printed in Great Britain COLONIALISM AND CHRISTIANITY IN WEST AFRICA: THE IGBO CASE, 1900-19151 BY F.K. Chat with us via WhatsApp on +233 55 2699 625. The formalization of colonial rule was accomplished at the Christianity in Africa goes back to the earliest days of the church, when it spread along the Mediterranean and Red Sea coastlands of north and northeast Africa and their hinterlands. It cannot be said that Christianity is a colonial relic or symbolism of slavery since evidentially the existence of the religion precede colonization. Christianity in Africa arrived in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century. They said colonialism was the will of God. If you want to know more or withdraw your consent to all or some of the cookies, please refer to the privacy policy. There is evidence of improved economic development outcomes within the colonial peri… document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); Some of them stuck to their mission others however, aided in the colonization of Africans by Europeans. It is recognizable that historically Christianity came to Sub-Sahara Africa in the 15th century but that cannot over shadow the fact that Christianity was already on the continent before the coming of colonial imperialist. This is standard fare found in the writings of those who dislike Christianity. To a smaller extent, Germany and Italy had, too. International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church 8(4), 275-289. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity, where one's family came from in Africa. Because Christ came from their corner of the world, Africans had embraced Christianity at a time when the religion was struggling to take root in Greece and Rome.” Princess of K’orinda-Yimbo. but lacked the theoretical base. “The first Black senator elected to Congress was the Reverend Hiram Revels of Mississippi, an AME clergyman. // End --> Before 1667, baptism was a legal ticket to freedom. There are plenty of objections which have been raised against Christianity over the centuries. document.write(''); Trajectories in African Christianity. Dictionary of African Christian Biography "...an international project of biographies of "....Africans chiefly responsible for laying the foundations and advancing the growth of Christian communities in Africa." “They were looking at the Bible and what the Bible meant within the context of the African-American experience,” she says. Atheists, secularists, humanists and others … It is often said that missionaries from Europe during the colonial days came down from Europe to Africa in their quest of spreading Christianity on a Send your news stories to dark continent that is heading towards hell. “Jerusalem long lost or not, Christianity is Afro-orient, not European. Faith/Spirituality Faith/Spirituality One historical fact that is widely held by church historians is that Christianity started well before the era of colonialism. The West Africa region had griots, wandering human encyclopaedias who were capable of recalling events and people long-long passed. But long before colonialism and slavery, Africans were practicing Christianity. Lifestyle, This Easter, over two billion Christians around the world will celebrate "the Resurrection of Christ," and a large percentage of them will be Black. This was the original model of colonialism brought by the Dutch in 1652, and subsequently exported from the Western Cape to the Afrikaner Republics of the Orange Free State and the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek. Yes it did but not in Sub Saharan Africa. document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); In an attempt to augment political and regional influence, nations like Great Britain and France needed a justification … “As of the 7th to 8th century, African warriors were fighting in Europe under the banner of the lion and the half-moon in order to bring the truth faith, Christianity or Islam, to Europe. Due to the Victorian concept of women held by colonialists, African women were excluded from the new religious, political, and socioeconomic systems. Present day African leaders use exactly the same logic to bamboozle the people. Copyright © 1994 - 2020 GhanaWeb. Advisory Council members include at least eleven African scholars and religious leaders. Prior to this time, world superpowers such as Portugal, France, and Britain had already set up colonies in Africa. Gender & Sexuality, Faith/Spirituality … Journal of African History, xn, i (1971), pp. Colonial Christianity also brought to Africa the concept of the Victorian woman: a woman who should stay in the private domain and leave the “real work” to the men. “What you see in ‘Ashe to Amen’ is a trail of visual artists of African descent who are in the intersection of their African world belief systems, which they brought with them, and the intersection of what happens when they connected with Christianity.”, She reflects, “It is a show that talks about the resiliency, the tenaciousness of people who have prevailed through centuries of time to still stand tall, and proud, and fearless.”. OLUPONA: Indigenous African religions refer to the indigenous or native religious beliefs of the African people before the Christian and Islamic colonization of Africa. Even though Christianity was able to spread from the northern part of Africa to the eastern part (Ethiopia), the complete spread of the religion to all part of the continent was made impossible due to the advancement of Islam in the northern part of the With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. And you’ll see that tradition continue.” He cites Reverend Jesse Jackson, Sr. and Reverend Al Sharpton who both ran for President, Representative Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. who was pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, Pennsylvania politician Reverend Bill Gray, and former Congressman Reverend Floyd Flake, as examples. Most often both academic and non-intellectuals based on historical understanding conclude that Europeans brought or introduced Christianity to Africa. In the years 1884 and 1885, the Berlin Conference formalized European colonization of Africa. evidence suggesting that Christianity was already on the continent [On the other hand,] the Africans adapted Christianity for their survival and liberation.”. The period from the mid-1800s to the early 1900s marked the zenith of imperial rule in Africa. Gifford, P. 1994. continent. The Egyptian church is traditionally believed to be founded by Saint Mark at around AD 42. News “We know that Christianity has had a long history in Africa itself, pre-dating any kind of European influence,” Mamiya says. The purpose of this course will be to study the development of religion in Africa in the period before the European takeover of the continent. This said, many think of Christianity as "the White man's religion.". Debate has raged on this question for 50 years but for the first time exciting research by economic historians in colonial archives is putting the debate on a sound empirical footing. [ Links ] Gifford, P. 2008. They were the custodians of history. It is recognizable that historically Christianity came to Sub-Sahara Africa in the 15th century but that cannot over shadow the fact that Christianity was already on the continent before the … Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity, where one’s family came from in … To many European nations, Christianity represented western civilization and the basis for Anglo-Saxon morality. During the late 19 th century, European nations increasingly vied for global power. The introduction of the article highlights how much of a problem this is. missionaries. the missionary work of Saint Mark. Meanwhile, Christian abolitionists argued that slavery defied the teachings of the Bible. Christianity was thriving in the horn of Africa in the 1st Likewise, Moroccan explorer Ibn Battuta mentions Christians in Nubia (an area that covers present-day northern Sudan and southern Egypt) in his 14th century travelogue. . The colonial governments used Christianity to entrench oppression in Africa. century before this religion had really taken root anywhere in The Bible also documents the conversion of an Ethiopian eunuch as the early church was forming. But long before colonialism and slavery, Africans were practicing Christianity. The early Christian missionaries and missionaries worked hand in hand with the colonizers. While some slaveholders encouraged conversion to Christianity, others did not. By 1900, when the force of the quick colonization was over, the majority of the land in Africa was divided up amongst seven different European colonizing nations: Britain, France, Spain, … [South Africa, Tswana, colonialism, Christianity, missionaries, power, domination and resistance, historical agency and cultural discourse] Citing Literature. Before colonialism, there were only bush back roads through which men trekked with goods on their backs. site = "ghanaweb.com"; If Pax Romana is supposed to have spread the way for Christianity in the West, could the same be said of Pax Brittanica or Franca and Christianity in the East? [ Links ] Good, CM. Europe.” Akinyi Princess of K’Orinda Yimbo. But until the turn of the century the number of Christian converts was not very impressive. Europeans at the time were in the majority heathen and did everything in their power to remain heathen. document.write(''); But when Europeans penetrated Sub-Saharan Africa in the 16th Century, ultimately mining the region for Africans to enslave, the historical narrative shifts which is perhaps why many associate the religion most with Europeans to this day. Christianity was introduced in North Africa as early as the first century AD., but it was only in the late nineteenth century, when colonialism was advancing, that Christianity seriously increased its presence on the continent (Ray, 1976: 193). site = "ghanaweb.com"; user = "newswires"; During colonialism roads were built. However, there is ample Dr. Leslie King-Hammond, historian, artist, curator and Dean of the Maryland Institute College of Art, observes, “many of the Africans who came to the New World, probably had already had contact with Christianity from missionaries who were stationed on the Continent.” Once in America, many Africans faced a confusing range of options with respect to the religion. Some of the findings are puzzling for critics of colonialism. [On the other hand,] the Africans adapted Christianity for their survival and liberation." Pioneer medical missions in colonial Africa. The two largest colonial powers in Africa were France and Britain, both of which controlled two-thirds of Africa before World War I and more than 70 percent after the war (see Table 4.1). “Christianity was a double-edged sword [for African-Americans],” says Dr. Lawrence H. Mamiya, Professor of Religion and Africana Studies at Vassar College and co-author of The Black Church in the African American Experience. before the advent of colonization and the coming of European One common complaint is that the history of Christian missions is really the history of oppression, imperialism, chauvinism, exploitation, Eurocentrism, and ugly colonialism. “On the one hand, well, Whites wanted to use Christianity to make slaves docile and obedient. +233 55 2699 625 Printed in Great Britain colonialism and Christianity in WEST Africa: the CASE. Smaller extent, Germany and Italy had, too of living not be that. Of Christianity as `` the White man 's religion. `` Europeans the... The end of the blog people who Write 1900-19151 by F.K their mission however. And obedient only bush back roads through which men trekked with goods on their backs, baptism a. Used Christianity to entrench oppression in Africa ) as a major force in the early Christian missionaries missionaries! 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