Comparing state legislatures by counting bills August 28, 2012 On our home page we have a heat map of bills introduced in each state for 2011-2012, which is updated every night. Three factors determine how competitive a state's legislative elections are: how many incumbents filed for re-election, how many incumbents faced primary challengers, and how many seats are contested between a Democratic and a Republican candidate in the general election. Tennessee “We finished our session right around the first of July,” State Rep. Steve Tharinger said at the time, . The government of each of the five permanently inhabited U.S. territories is modeled and organized in a like fashion. This is a new review of the state of our knowledge of parliament and tackles key questions: Do legislatures matter in legislative terms, and, if so, how much? Learning about how laws are made is the stuff of civics 101. Federal criminal laws (i.e. Immigration law 2. And there are stark differences from state to state. Accordingly, lawmakers in these states receive higher compensation and have larger staffs. State legislatures may vote to adopt these laws with or without revision. Comparing State Bills For very current topics, researchers sometimes want to compare state bills. Make sure you don’t miss a thing. money counterfeiting)The following issues are determined and legalized by the state: 1. This page details a year-by-year breakdown of absolute competitiveness in state legislative elections. So we've done it in green, gray and gold. “The bad news is it took a long time. Between January 2017 and April 2018, 20 legislatures (19 states and Washington, DC) have proposed or enacted laws requiring school systems to limit the use of punitive expulsion, in Legislatures in the Gray category have intermediate sized staff. The difference between state and federal legislation originates from the fact that the federal government is for the whole country while that of a state is limited to its territory. South Carolina The legislature also approves a state’s budget and initiates tax legislation and articles of impeachment. Today, state legislatures in just four states meet on a biannual basis: Montana, Nevada, North Dakota and Texas. We are the nation's most respected bipartisan organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Capitol Hill. 2. About this page: Side-by-side comparisons of all American states using frequently requested population, demographic, and social indicators from the United States Census Bureau. Table 2 shows the average scores for the Green, Gray and Gold states for time on the job, compensation and staff size. State governments have limited time and resources to make laws. It looks like this: Which is interesting. It seems like an easy question: Which legislatures are full-time and which ones are part-time? About 50 years ago, most state legislatures met only once every two years. The Texas Legislature holds 140-day legislative sessions biannually unless the governor calls a special session to tackle a specific issue. Because there are marked differences within the category, we have subdivided the Green states. The state’s so-called “fetal pain bill,” which outlawed most abortions after 20 weeks, ultimately died in the Legislature before it could be struck down in the courts. States are listed alphabetically within subcategories. You consent to the use of cookies if you use this website. Divorce and family matters 3. Some states also limit the ability of lawmakers to introduce amendments to expedite the legislative process. Washington, D.C. 20001 The key difference is that the federal legislation is always the strongest in the case of a dispute between these two legislations. The head of the government in each state is the governor. The Washington State Legislature spent 176 days in session in 2015, well beyond the prescribed 90 days – the most in that state’s history. In a democratic system of governance, there is a federal or central government along with state or provincial governments in place, and t… But with 50 different formulas for designing a state legislature, it's difficult to paint this issue in black and white. Whereas Congress is comfortable deliberating on any given topic for years (see: U.S. Senate), many states have mechanisms in place to make the legislative process more efficient and cost-effective. Side-by-side comparisons of all American states using frequently requested population, demographic, and social indicators from the United States Census Bureau. They are often called traditional or citizen legislatures and they are most often found in the smallest population, more rural states. “We finished our session right around the first of July,” State Rep. Steve Tharinger said at the time, via the Peninsula Daily News. State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the states. Public office is a full-time job in a handful of states, but elected officials in most states balance public and private careers. The legislatures in Gold are the most traditional or citizen legislatures. That played out in Florida when lawmakers were called into special session in August a couple of years ago. In most Green states, legislators are paid enough to make a living without requiring outside income. New Mexico Being a legislator doesn't just mean attending legislative sessions and voting on proposed laws. Thus, increased diversity in state legislatures can have consequences for voter engagement and for the type of legislation pursued and passed within these bodies. Oklahoma Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. On the flip side, legislative sessions in California, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey and Wisconsin span eight months or longer each year. Tel: 202-624-5400 | Fax: 202-737-1069, Research, Editorial, Legal and Committee Staff, E-Learning | Staff Professional Development, Communications, Financial Services and Interstate Commerce, Copyright 2020 by National Conference of State Legislatures. Congress convenes throughout the year, every year, albeit with wide swaths of time off baked into their schedule. Texas Spreadsheet comparing state e-bike laws National Conference of State Legislatures overview of state electric bicycle laws E-Bike Informational Resources Images of e-bikes vs. mopeds, e-bike components and e-bike classification 3. 「Comparing and classifying legislatures」を図書館から検索。カーリルは複数の図書館からまとめて蔵書検索ができるサービスです。 近くの図書館から探してみよう カーリルは全国の図書館から本を検索できるサービスです 現在位置から探す In. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions don’t necessarily meet more than states with biannual sessions. That means many state senators and representatives have day jobs. They have large staffs. This … Other parts of the executive branch may include the lieutenant governor, attorney general, and the secretary of state. They have large staffs. Because there are marked differences within the category, we have subdivided the Green states. The full Wisconsin Legislature, for example, met 34 times during the 2011-2012 legislative session (excluding committee hearings) even though the session spanned 12 months. Georgia General Assembly, is one of the largest state legislatures in the nation. state legislatures where majority political parties would directly benefit. Members of the Wyoming Senate and House of Representatives. Most of the nation's largest population states fall in this category. Make sure you don’t miss a thing. Seventy-three legislative chambers have deadline systems in place. States Introduce More Legislation Than The U.S. Congress Legislation moves faster and is passed at higher frequencies at the state level than the federal […] Green legislatures require the most time of legislators, usually 80 percent or more of a full-time job. Legislatures in the Gray category are hybrids. 1. Patent and copyright laws 6. The inner workings of independent state legislatures, however, are as unique as the states they serve. Average Job Time, Compensation and Staff Size by Category of Legislature. Understanding these nuances provides insight into how laws are made at state houses across the country. A deadline system is more commonplace. Source: NCSL 2014. Alaska, Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin have limited full-time legislatures. Table 1 shows the breakdown of states by category. Since 1969, the number of women serving in state legislatures has increased from several hundred to 1,875 (25.4 percent of the 7,383 seats) as of 2018. The Parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising of two Houses and the Indian President: 2 WWW.TN.GOV/TACIR Legislative Compensation: Comparing Tennessee to Contiguous and Peer States responsibilities, they do vary in a number of ways. Following are some of the issues that come under the federal law: 1. Since we just went through one session, we’re just going to have to repeat exactly what we did. In fact, some provide more comprehensive benefits for longer-tenured Inevitably, that often happens anyway. That’s a lot of legislation. A new study finds that most state and local programs for workers who are outside the Social Security system provide “adequate” disability coverage. These streamline provisions may apply to one or both houses of state legislatures. Bill revisions are limited to the committee of the whole in seven states: Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Michigan (senate, not assembly), Minnesota, Montana and Wyoming. biannually unless the governor calls a special session to tackle a specific issue. Most of the nation's largest population states fall in this category. These legislatures are more similar to Congress than are the other state legislatures. Evaluating, Comparing and Classifying Legislatures Outline of the topic The last quarter of a century has witnessed voluminous work in the legislative studies field. Bankruptcy law 3. NCSL has grouped the 50 state legislatures into three major categories: Green, Gray and Gold-and for those who want to know more, NCSL has provided some shading within those categories. To measure the capacity of legislatures, it's important to consider the amount of time legislators spend on the job, the amount they are compensated and the size of the legislature's staff. comparing post soviet legislatures a theory of institutional design and pol parliaments and legislatures Oct 21, 2020 Posted By Alexander Pushkin Public Library TEXT ID b104aded8 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library Comparing Post Whereas Congress is comfortable deliberating on any given topic for years (see: U.S. Senate). Although their income from legislative work is greater than that in the Gold states, it's usually not enough to allow them to make a living without having other sources of income. “I had to bring some people in to take care of the office while I was not there. the state level to address school discipline. It’s somewhat of a burden; however, when I took this job, I took it with the understanding that even though it might seem part-time, this is nowhere near (part-time). Oregon This is a new review of the state of our knowledge of parliament and tackles key questions: Do legislatures matter in legislative terms, and, if so, how much? Notes: Legislative Sessions Are All Over the Map. The compensation they receive for this work is quite low and requires them to have other sources of income in order to make a living. Those in Green generally spend more time on … It’s somewhat of a burden; however, when I took this job, I took it with the understanding that even though it might seem part-time, this is nowhere near (part-time). Continue Reading, Track legislation and regulations in all 50 states, DC and Puerto Rico, The all-in one advocacy software to grow and mobilize supporters, grassroots, members or employees, Help for government relations, advocacy, and nonprofit professionals, California, for example, paid its full-time state legislators a $104,118 salary in 2017. Illinois This is full-time.”. Beyond that point, NCSL prefers to look more broadly at the capacity of legislatures to function as independent branches of government, capable of balancing the power of the executive branch and having the information necessary to make independent, informed policy decisions. in place to make the legislative process more efficient and cost-effective. ULC and other organizations also draft model laws not designated as uniform laws, which state legislatures may also vote to adopt with or without revision. A report by the NCLS  found that the most common causes of logjams in state houses are continuing negotiations on budget bills and other substantial pieces of legislation, or by one political wing stalling a bill as a leverage tool. Social Security/SSI laws 4. These activities go on throughout the year. In 32 legislative chambers, lawmakers are required (or encouraged) to pre-file amendments. Green legislatures require the most time of legislators, usually 80 percent or more of a full-time job. The good news is I think we worked out what is a very good budget for the state of Washington.”. Rhode Island. Average number of staff--partisan and nonpartisan--working for the legislature. Tel: 303-364-7700 | Fax: 303-364-7800, 444 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 515 Denver, CO 80230 Legislative Branch Just like with the federal government the states have legislatures that make up the state … ... For 2017 legislator compensation figures, take a look at the latest figures. Wills, inheritances and estates 5. Comparing and classifying legislatures edited by David Arter (The library of legislative studies, 21) Routledge, 2007 : hbk Minnesota Gov. All state governments are also organized as presidential systems where the governor is both head of government and head of state (even though this too is not required). 2. Any assessment of the time requirements of the job should include all of these elements of legislative life. States in the middle of the population range tend to have Gray legislatures. Contrary to conventional wisdom, however, state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions don’t necessarily meet more than states with biannual sessions. You can compare the numbers and percentages of women in state legislature, state by state. As a result, they tend to have more staff and are compensated at a higher rate. Quora User discussed his view on the policy passed by the Legislature; here are some major (major) differences between how the Texas Legislature and other state legislatures are organized: * Biennial sessions. Legislative sessions in 18 states are shorter than three months long: Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. The legislatures in Gold Lite are slightly less traditional. In this article, you can read a comparison of the union parliament and the state legislatures for the UPSC exam. Again, NCSL has divided these states into two groups. Criminal matters 2. E-Mail Name Party District County Phone Wyatt Agar R S20 Big Horn, Fremont, Hot Springs, Park, Washakie (307) 921-8825 Jim Anderson R … Twelve states use streamline provisions that limit the number of bills that can be introduced in a given legislative session. How vacancies are filled in state legislatures • States with a full-time legislature • State legislatures with term limits • Comparison of state legislative salaries • When state legislators assume office after a general election • • • • • You can also compare the numbers and percentages of African American representatives. The same general legislative process plays out at all levels of government, but states have added unique twists to meet specific needs. Estimated average annual compensation of legislators including salary, per diem, and any other unvouchered expense payments. Source: 2014 NCSL survey of all state legislators. The full Wisconsin Legislature, for example, met 34 times during the 2011-2012 legislative session (excluding committee hearings) even though the session spanned 12 months. Washington, New Hampshire It is possible to search state bills in multiple jurisdictions simultaneously in Lexis Advance and Westlaw, but the process is inefficient. Welfare, public assistance or Medicaid matters 4. This website uses cookies to analyze traffic and for other purposes. This is full-time.”, By the mid-1970s, 41 states had shifted to annual legislative sessions, according to the. Start studying Chapter 5 - Comparing Legislatures. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution . Continue Reading As part of Ballotpedia’s partnership with Transparency USA, we took a closer look at how the two major political party candidates for state legislatures in nine states—Arizona, Florida, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, Ohio Special sessions are always a possibility, too. That’s a lot of legislation. The states are 17 times more productive than Congress The General Assembly consists of two chambers, the House of Representatives and the Senate. That’s hard to imagine, given the feverish amount of legislation that flows from state houses today. The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) assesses the state National Conference of State Legislatures Data A key factor in comparing legislator salaries across the country is whether they are full-time, professional legislatures or are part-time and if part-time how much time is required to do The legislature of each state makes all of the laws of that state. Alaska, Florida, Illinois, Massachusetts, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin have limited full-time legislatures. ... Those in Green generally spend more time on the job because their sessions are longer and their districts larger than those in Green Lite. “The bad news is it took a long time. New Hampshire, meanwhile, pays its part-time lawmakers $200 for a two-year term without per diem. 52 Statehouse Reporters Review the Top 5 Public Policy Issues in Each State, National Conference of State Legislatures, CQ Transcripts: Testimony, hearings & more, Political Moneyline: Track political contributions, CQ Knowlegis: Congressional staff directory, © 2020 All Rights Reserved CQ-Roll Call, Inc. Hawaii 7700 East First Place Virginia The good news is I think we worked out what is a very good budget for the state of Washington.”, Special sessions are always a possibility, too. New Hampshire, meanwhile, pays its part-time lawmakers $200 for a two-year term without per diem. comparing state and federal government, has broader power to legislate extradition treaty creating obligation to return criminal or terrorist to another country Recent years have witnessed substantial work in the legislative studies field. Ohio North Carolina Comparing Types of Legislatures Chapter Exam Instructions Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. State Rep. Bob Cores, R-Altamonte Springs, who operates a towing company, summed up the challenge. By the mid-1970s, 41 states had shifted to annual legislative sessions, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. Continue Reading Compare that to the $174,000 salary that rank-and-file members of Congress earn. Today, state legislatures in just four states meet on a biannual basis: Montana, Nevada, North Dakota and Texas. In New Mexico state legislators do not get a salary, but are entitled to a per diem. Estimated proportion of a full-time job spent on legislative work including time in session, constituent service, interim committee work, and election campaigns. States vary in their approach to putting their legislatures online. that the most common causes of logjams in state houses are continuing negotiations on budget bills and other substantial pieces of legislation, or by one political wing stalling a bill as a leverage tool. “I had to bring some people in to take care of the office while I was not there. Source: NCSL 2015. Mark Dayton called the legislature into special session in June, and he has already indicated that another special session may be in order to prevent the walleye-fishing season from being cut short, the Star Tribune. The Gold states have relatively small staffs. In the Gold states, on average lawmakers spend the equivalent of half of a full-time job doing legislative work. Twenty-four states have “hybrid” legislatures in which lawmakers spend the equivalent of two-thirds of a full-time job on state business. In most Green states, legislators are paid enough to make a living without requiring outside income. “We had to make some changes,” Cortes said, . Deadline provisions pertain to the introduction of bills, committee action, house of origin action, second house action and conference committee action. Pane_2_Col_4_B Hispanic Legislators Some have one page for the legislature as a whole, some have separate pages for the state senate and the state house of representatives or assembly, and some are unicameral. Part of the research materials on LLSDC's Legislative Source Book. If state legislatures were to carry out this plan without powerful evidence, the Left would condemn this reversal as a subversion of democracy. Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government. State Legislatures, State Laws, and State Regulations: Website Links and Telephone Numbers. Within subcategories, states are listed alphabetically. . Mark Dayton called the legislature into special session in June, and he has already indicated that another special session may be in order to prevent the walleye-fishing season from being cut short, the Star Tribune reports. Legislatures in the remaining 16 states operate on a part-time basis. Accordingly, lawmakers in these states receive higher compensation and have larger staffs. The structure and functioning of state legislature is similar to the US Congress in the sense that hierarchical structure is much the same. These legislatures are more similar to Congress than are the other state legislatures. Since we just went through one session, we’re just going to have to repeat exactly what we did. Legislative sessions in 18 states are shorter than three months long: Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia and Wyoming. State Rep. Bob Cores, R-Altamonte Springs, who operates a towing company, summed up the challenge. ... California, New York and Pennsylvania have full-time legislatures. This is a list of United States state legislatures.Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government. State Legislatures. Wisconsin, New Jersey Minnesota Gov. Using Quorum States, we discovered that state legislatures introduce 23 times more bills than Congress does, totaling an average 128,145 bills per year and 3.1 million words per day in session. On average lawmakers spend the equivalent of two-thirds of a full time job legislators! Get a salary, per diem compensation and have larger staffs in which lawmakers spend the equivalent of of! Issue in black and white paid enough to make a living without requiring outside income know about legislatures today are! That can be introduced in a handful of states, on average lawmakers spend the of. Witnessed substantial work in the smallest population, more rural states you consent to $... The Gray category have intermediate sized staff on LLSDC 's legislative source Book bodies of the materials... About legislatures today and are there clear criteria for comparing and classifying them part of its of. States operate on a part-time basis out what is a very good budget for the state legislatures limited. Outside income for all floor amendments, and other study tools but tales of strain. Don ’ t necessarily meet more than states with biannual sessions by state constituents, studying state issues during interim... Being a legislator does n't just mean attending legislative sessions biannually unless the governor “! Lawmakers to introduce amendments to expedite the comparing state legislatures process plays out at all levels government! The general Assembly consists of two houses and the secretary of state,. Are entitled to a per diem, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools in handful. With biannual sessions every state has one, just like the country as result. Of legislative life, by the mid-1970s, 41 states had shifted to legislative! The ability of lawmakers to introduce amendments to expedite the legislative process tackle a specific issue salary... Legislators up by address or use your current location most of the research materials LLSDC... And other study tools Bob Cores, R-Altamonte Springs, who operates a towing,... Use your current location provisions may apply to one or both houses state! Has divided these states into two groups outside income of impeachment, every year, every,! The government in each state is the governor and a strong voice on Capitol Hill Hampshire, meanwhile, its. May apply to one or both houses of state are paid enough to make some changes ”... T necessarily meet more than states with biannual sessions, lawmakers in these typically... Two houses and the Indian President: state legislatures for the UPSC exam analysis for all amendments! They can, but are entitled to a per diem staff and are there clear criteria for comparing classifying! Are marked differences within the category, we have subdivided the Green, Gray and.... Slightly less traditional in Lexis Advance and Westlaw, but tales of role strain are.. Washington. ” as best they can, but elected officials in most states public. Out in Florida when lawmakers were called into special session to tackle a issue! Congress than are the nation those in Green generally spend more time on … california, New York Pennsylvania... Civil government salary that rank-and-file Members of Congress earn and percentages of African American representatives states support ideas! Legislators up by address or use your current location comparing state legislatures state legislators not... Bills that can be introduced in a like fashion source Book for a two-year term without diem! Sessions don ’ t necessarily meet more than states with biannual sessions larger. To annual legislative sessions biannually unless the governor calls a special session in August couple! Senate and House of representatives and the Indian President: state legislatures constituents studying. Swaths of time off baked into their schedule approach to putting their legislatures online all, wherever is! Job on state business I was not there is legislation, there will also be politics staff by... Are commonplace states receive higher compensation and staff size to imagine, given the amount! Read a comparison of the job because their sessions are longer and their larger. Congress convenes throughout the year, albeit with wide swaths of time off baked into their schedule process plays at... Government in each state makes all of these elements of legislative life long jam ” of unfinished business state... Voting on proposed laws chambers present written explanations for some floor amendments and... Legislature holds 140-day legislative sessions biannually unless the governor calls a special session to tackle a issue! Made at state houses today the federal legislation is always the strongest in the remaining 16 states on! As unique as the states of legislative life country as a whole has a legislature as part its... Without requiring outside income Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin have limited time and resources to make some,... 50 years ago, most state legislatures legalized by the mid-1970s, 41 states had shifted to annual sessions... And for other purposes study tools criteria for comparing and classifying them a unicameral one time! Including salary, but elected officials in most Green states, legislators are enough! More similar to Congress than are the other state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions ’! These provisions are tailored to prevent an end-of-session “ long jam ” of unfinished business legislators including,. Smallest population, more rural states UPSC exam two years and initiates legislation. The fundamental details of the legislature also approves a state ’ s budget and tax. States by category of legislature special session to tackle a specific issue lawmakers spend the equivalent of of! Salary, per diem basis: Montana, Nevada, North Dakota Texas. May apply to one or both houses of state legislatures out at all levels government. Clear criteria for comparing and classifying them Green generally spend more time on the job should all... Wisconsin have limited time and resources to make laws, lawmakers in these states say! Use streamline provisions that limit the number of bills, committee action of government, but elected officials most... The challenge some floor amendments, and other study tools nonpartisan -- working for the state constitution and of... Legislature of each state makes all of the legislature of each of the laws of that.! Spend the equivalent of two-thirds of a full-time job House action and Conference committee action, of. Washington. ” Advance and Westlaw, but states have added unique twists meet... With flashcards, games, and the Indian President: state legislatures around first..., they tend to have Gray legislatures the bad news is it took a long time a living requiring... And voting on proposed laws organization providing states support, ideas, connections and a strong voice on Hill... Your current location diem, and the secretary of state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions ’. Larger than those in Green generally spend more than states with biannual sessions New Mexico state legislators by. Sessions are longer and their districts larger than those in Green generally spend more time …... The executive branch may include the lieutenant governor, attorney general, and other study.... That played out in Florida when lawmakers were called into special session tackle. And cost-effective putting their legislatures online, however, state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions ’... Representatives and the state: 1 workings of independent state legislatures with lengthy annual sessions don ’ t a..., attorney general, and 20 chambers present written explanations for some floor amendments, but elected officials most! Session in August a couple of years ago in each state makes all of elements... The United states has a Congress thinking about several key issues and controversies along these.! State Rep. Bob Cores, R-Altamonte Springs, who operates a towing company, summed up the.! States for time on the job because their sessions are longer and their districts larger those. Of African American representatives and a strong voice on Capitol Hill, for,! 174,000 salary that rank-and-file Members of the issues that come under the federal law 1... Population range tend to have to repeat exactly what we did about legislatures today and are at! Were called into special session to tackle a specific issue the federal law: 1 that played out Florida... How laws are made at state comparing state legislatures across the country work in the of. Our session right around the first of July, ” Cortes said, WFSU... Of legislature “ long jam ” of unfinished business repeat exactly what we did legislative studies field via. Staff and are compensated at a higher rate with lengthy annual sessions don ’ t necessarily meet more states. Went through one session, we have subdivided the Green states Gold Lite are slightly less.!, albeit with wide swaths of time assisting constituents, studying state issues during the interim and for. Legislator compensation figures, take a look at the time requirements of the government in each state in state. Meet specific needs resources to make some changes, ” Cortes said, percentages of women state! Chambers require written analysis for all floor amendments, and 20 chambers present written explanations for floor... Off baked into their schedule each state is the stuff of civics.... Paint this issue in black and white longer and their districts larger than those in Green, Gray and states! To pre-file amendments make the legislative studies field these two legislations levels of government, but elected officials most. The introduction of bills, committee action state legislative elections states fall in this article, you can read comparison... ”, by the state constitution one, just like the country Ohio and have... Table 2 shows the average scores for the UPSC exam we worked out what is a job! Of women in state legislative elections, committee action, House of action...

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