The first section of fence I had to remove had 8 posts. As this fence was to be built across a narrow side-yard (rather than along a property line), I actually had several choices of where exactly to build it. Chain If the ground is too sloped or uneven, use a short 2-by-4 board across the top of the pickets as a guide. How do you know how strong it gets? Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. Attach the wood fence rails or wood fence panels to the posts. Looks solid enough, but setting wooden posts in concrete is a bad idea. In my case, I knew where the sprinkler lines were and avoided them. For the middle rail, use an 8-foot board across two posts. The strips are nailed to two or more supporting rails at the rear of the panel. Nice job. Building a fence can give privacy and security to your home. The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a place where you end up not liking it! We get a â¦ Don't secure it to the end of the fence rail. Masonâs line is a good choice because it is strong and flexible enough to be pulled tightly. I am guessing that the diagonal that controls warping goes in first and is not flush with front or back and then the other one goes in flush with the front of the gate. On short runs, rip-cut the pickets as necessary. With the gate in position I was ready to start adding fence slats over which I'll install the hinges and other hardware later on. Lots of great points and things people need to consider; thank you for adding to the conversation. It took about a half hour to remove all of them. Reset your layout lines using the marks you made earlier on the batter boards. Before beginning any excavation, call 811 to check for underground utilities. Did you make this project? Rails running along the fence should butt together at the middle of the posts. A fence built in this manner will withstand gusty winds and if it is treated with water-repellent coating, should â¦ Let the concrete cure and then remove the braces and top off the holes with dirt. Let me see if I can clarify.Under normal circumstances you will only need one angled brace for a gate like this, the bottom of which should sit next to the bottom hinge, and this brace should ideally keep the gate from sagging over time.In my case I added an extra board to deal with a specific issue with the gate I had built. But metal posts are definitely a good long-term choice, especially in a climate as you describe. If not, adjust the strings on the batter boards. These help you align the posts properly. Some towns might require this plan for an approved building permit. Good luck on yours! Cut and attach the piece if needed, and take it into account when measuring for the gate rails. We always set the gate posts and corner posts with concrete so over time the fence â¦ Continue installing pickets, using your spacer periodically to check for plumb. Use blocks or brackets for rails that are used on the posts' bodies. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. For this fence, the bottom of the pickets will be about 1-1/2 inches above the ground. Depending on where you live, you may also need a building permit. Removing Fence Posts. The hardware keeps the gate square and prevents sagging over time. An 8-foot high wooden privacy fence using treated lumber can be built over the course of 2 days, depending upon the length of the fence. 5 months ago Making the gate frame, you're screwing into end grain. Begin by installing the pickets on the exterior side of the fence. Cut two vertical gate rails to length. I'll update it! The space between the pickets will be 3-1/2 inches. Use graph paper to draw a plan for your fence. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. Please ignore the nasty dead grass in some of the photos - the plan is to tear it out put in a paver walkway surrounded by gravel, which I may or may not get to this decade. I did. Question I drilled pilot holes with a tapered, countersinking bit and used a long, coarse-threaded screws for these corner joints. on Step 14, You didn’t specify what wood you used... I’m guessing 4x4 for uprights and what for the horizontal slats, Answer I grew up working with my hands building fence. These are just basic Home Depot gate hinges which come with lag screws for installation. The rail locations don't have to be exact, but set them close together for the best appearance. You may build a 6-ft. high privacy fence only to find that the next-door neighbors can easily see over when theyâre lounging on their deck. Measure the distance between the top and bottom fence rails, accounting for the horizontal gate rails, and if needed, the thickness of the brackets. Youâll also need 2 end posts with holes only in one side, and corner posts with holes that DONâT go all the way through, but instead are set so the rails can come off at two different angles. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. I like what my father did to allow untreated posts. Add concrete mix to the post holes. With the two end posts in place, I screwed a 10-foot board across the span and used this to position the interior posts and mark their precise locations. The final picket at a corner should be flush with the rail ends. For mine, the distances between posts were dependent on how wide I wanted my gate, which was 36 inches. Holes for the interior posts were dug, and then the posts were plumbed and anchored in position with supports. I dug the holes for my end posts first, and then used scrap 2x4 boards to temporarily anchor them in perfectly plumb position. The diagonal between these points should be 5 feet. The Costs of Fence Construction . The word is the gate (and other parts of the fence) I'm going to repair were built by a "professional." Measure and rip-cut the final picket as necessary to fit and maintain proper spacing. Measure the horizontal distance between gate posts and subtract the space needed for the thickness of the hinges and latch. I finally saw that this puts the compression load from the brace into the gate hinge, rather than into thin air--like on the sagging gate into my back yard. Attach ârot boardsâ Instead of just using a 2×4 at the bottom, we also used a ârot boardâ. The Prefab Fence. If you are planning to paint your picket fence, do the steps before you start installing it. You may also need gate hardware, post caps, stain or paint, lighting, or â¦ Plan your gate size to use full pickets. Make sure the fence provides the privacy you want as you learn how to build a fence. After establishing the post hole locations, use a pencil to mark the positions of the string on the batter boards. As this fence was to be built across a narrow side-yard (rather than along a property line), I actually had several choices of where exactly to build it. Why not make the gate frame another 1/4 inch smaller than the opening? I build ramps for homes with wheelchair users (as a volunteer) and we found, to our surprise, we're better off dumping and tamping dry concrete mix in the holes around the 4x4s than mixing it with water. * Wood fencing material cost is based on the national average for 6â²-0 high wood fencing (material only). Your use of the supports is needed mainly on the uprights that surround the gate. Wait a few months before staining or painting to allow the lumber to dry completely. Follow the product manufacturer’s guidelines for preparation and application. Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. If youâre looking to build your own dog fence, then the first two options arenât â¦ 1 year ago The instructions below show you how to build a DIY privacy fence. Use wood rated for ground contact when necessary for the project. The rails for the next run should overlap these rail ends and be flush with the rail faces. Consider creative options like this when building your own fence. Wash your hands after working with treated wood. Make sure it's plumb, then nail it in place. When building a fence gate, you'll need a gate hardware kit. If your pickets have a dog ear at the top, mark a new dog ear with a speed square and cut with a jigsaw. Indicate the locations for the lower edges of the top rails and the upper edges of the bottom rails to make it easier to see the marks when you position the rails. Step 6 - Join the Posts For more on batter boards, watch Making and Using Batter Boards. Make sure the lower rail is a minimum of 2 inches from the ground. Dig the holes to size. Typical spacing is between 6 feet and 8 feet on center (from the center of one post to the center of the next). Make. 2 Days. Cut all of your wood before you go any farther. We don't have the luxury of time: we finish the same day we start. I know it doesn't harden unevenly, capillary action /osmosis distributes the water. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing. Concrete was then added to these holes. Anyway, the needed moisture comes from the surrounding soil and gets superstrong. Sorry for the confusion. When building a wood fence, youâll need to determine what lumber and hardware you need and how much of each.For most wood fences you need posts, rails, pickets, and nails or screws. To square corners, measure 3 feet along one string and 4 feet along the adjacent string. This easy to follow guide will show you what you need to build a fence, the different styles that can be created and the two important things to check before you begin buildingâ¦ Frost lines vary by region. I know we use it reliably building wheelchair ramps etc. I am a bit confused as to which diagonal is the main one that is flush with the front of the fence vs the other one which helps with the warping? As you turn a corner, be sure the edge of the first picket in the new run is flush with the face of the last picket in the previous run. See notes in photos for more details. If the area is relatively level, you can span more posts. Use string or a 2 by 4 as you did on the outside pickets to maintain the correct height. However, if they show any signs of weakening I will certainly add blocks as you suggest; that's a very good tip, thanks! After a bit of fine tuning I had a handle and latch in place and working properly. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. If you read my last Lockwood reno post you will know that when we moved into our house it was surrounded by trees. After more alternating wet and dry periods, the posts will rot at the ground line. Pressure-treated lumber should be stained or painted every few years. 1 year ago. The gate was propped into position and clamped in place with a few paint stirrers acting as temporary shims to provide a little stand-off on the hinge side. For fence posts, some will need holes straight through for the straight sections of your fence. Wooden Do it Yourself Fences. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. The hardware for the gate on this fence required an additional built-out piece on the latch-side gate post. Starting with corner or end posts, use your auger to dig a hole 6â-12â in diameter and 24 to 36â deep. 4 Materials. Got it!! A diagonal cross brace was then added. The hinges were carefully positioned as desired and the locations for the screws were marked and pre-drilled. You might also need to remove an old fence prior to starting. For batter boards next to the house, transfer the string locations to the house in case you need to remove the batter board to dig. Determine a layout that'll allow you to use full pickets at the corners. Run the string line to represent either the outside or inside perimeter of the fence. : ). wow, nice job! Alternatively, use a string tied at the desired level for the. Some additional support boards had to be added and a lot of boring out holes with spade bits and careful routing were required. Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. A wood fence adds privacy and improves security while giving your landscape a traditional look. Secure the boards to the posts with screws. On very short runs, you may need to adjust the spacing to use full pickets. Your fence will follow the contour of the ground more closely. Medium. Keep your tape measure level for accurate spacing. Metal & Chain Link. Set Posts. Hold the frame in place and mark the holes for hinges. After a few days I removed the 2x4 supports. Good question, sorry I didn't mention it in the project itself. The fence I planned was simple: cedar picket, fifty feet, with a swinging gate in the middle. Now's a good time to check the gate's swing clearance. The gate was made by first creating an external frame of 2x4s that were screwed together with exterior screws installed through pre-drilled and countersunk holes. Each set attaches differently, and you'll need to take that into account for gate post spacing. I understand the posts are typical pressure treated pine(??) This can reasonably be checked and adjusted before you actually install the gate, but I knew it was going to be really close so I just waited till after it was fastened in place. But in a normal situation, this board would not be needed - you'd only need the one showing behind, that angles down toward the lower hinge (hinge is hidden in that photo as it is on the other side of the fence). The gate information will help me on a driveway fence/gate that I am building. When you install the gate, you'll fasten the hinges to these support boards. Step 1: Start on the Highest Ground. I would think that the dry mix would get wet and harden unevenly, creating pockets of dry mix that never harden, thus a weaker structure. I love your thoughts in the design process. Install the post-side portion of the latch to the appropriate post or board. Use stakes or marking paint. Stagger the rail joints on different posts to add stability. The following steps show how I built and installed the sturdy little gate. In this tutorial, weâre going to show you how to build your very own picket fence. It may have small air pockets, but they don't hurt anything. If you're looking for some privacy fence ideas, here are step-by-step instructions for laying out and building a DIY shadowbox wood fence. I used a belt sander to remove just enough material from the gate frame to allow for proper clearance. 1 year ago, The posts are 4x4 pressure treated beams, and the slats are cedar fence slats. Letâs say youâd like a perimeter fence, but you arenât confident in building your â¦ The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a â¦ Pallet Dog Fences. Place a picket on the first post, with the bottom approximately 1" above the ground. In areas with a significant slope, use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts with long rails. Checking for buried utilities like you point out is a MUST, given the proximity to your electric meter, but I would add that you should also mark your lawn any sprinkler lines you might have - I speak from personal experience! You'll need an extra set of hands for this project. The slats were cut individually as needed and installed with exterior grade deck screws. Drill pilot holes in the support board and attach the gate with screws. I do not like the industries treatment process of 4x4 posts. 4 years ago. A job which will be easier much with the angle iron in pace. If you have buried utilities where you live, you need to call the buried utility authority and have them come out and mark any buried lines, and then follow any guidelines they provide regarding excavation. Choose post spacing size properly. Install with screws. At your gate posts, cut 2 by 4s to fit between the rails. Detailed Instructions on Building a Wire Fence. Cut the post tops flush with the top rails. I used cedar fence slats and do not plan to finish them in any way. It may take a couple of days to set all of the posts. Here are our top tips for planning, designing, and building a fence for your home. If you're working on a slope, follow the steps below to get the best placement for the pickets. This process works best in areas where the slope doesn't change much. For this fence, with 6-foot pickets, the lower edge of the top rails will be 5 feet, 4-1/2 inches above the ground. A classic look that suits the house, which was built in 1854. Measure and cut a middle rail to run between the vertical gate rails. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, Step 1: Mark the Rail Locations on the Posts, Wood Fence Tips: Installing Posts, Rails and Pickets, 4-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Posts (Actual: 3-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in, 2-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), 1-in x 4-in Furring Strips (Actual: 0.718-in x 3.437-in), Fence Pickets (Pressure Treated or Cedar), Fasteners for Pickets (Nails, Screws or Staples). Use a jigsaw to cut the pickets to fit around posts as needed. Attach the rails to the posts. Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. Set a post on the dry concrete, flush against the layout line, but without pushing it outward. I mixed and added concrete to the post holes. Consider if you want a 4 ft fence, a 6 ft fence or an 8 ft fence. Install the next picket flush against the spacer to get the proper 3-1/2-inch spacing and to keep the picket plumb. Attach a short block of 2 by 4 to the back of a longer, straight 2 by 4. Galvanized posts like you show in the photo would have been much better, and equal work. This method is helpful in areas where the slope is uneven and changes frequently. You'll reattach them before you set the posts. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. This will keep the gate square and prevent sagging. Follow the same steps to set the rest of your posts. Codes may also specify post hole requirements. Regular-set concrete mix takes a little longer to cure but is less expensive than fast-setting mix and allows time for adjustments. Line up the tops of the remaining pickets with the string, and don't push on the string while installing. The first thing to do is decide where you want your fence. Cross pieces were added with exterior grade screws. Depending on the hardware, you may need to make small miter cuts at the corners of the gate rails to allow for welds. Which one goes in first? A spacer will simplify the installation of the remaining pickets. Building A Traditional Picket Fence How to properly set fence posts and build a rail and picket fence. After you finish installing the outside pickets, begin installing the pickets on the inside of the fence. While at the same time â increasing the value of your home. This is a character-driven design and one of the great things about â¦ Read more about pressure-treated lumber and wood preservatives. There are a couple of ways to keep them at the correct height. To learn more about different types of fencing, see our Fence Materials Guide. My father owned a custom fence company for over 30 years. Cut the excess from the bottom. And I filled out forms for a permit, but had the fee waived which was great. They have lasted many years. Consider gate hardware. Clear away the dirt you removed to prevent killing the grass. Cement powder is hydrophilic. How To Build A Fence Without Building A Fence. This instructable covers how I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate. On slopes, be sure to split the difference in height of the adjacent outside pickets. Check the requirements for your hardware. 2. Answer Prices and availability of products and services are subject to change without notice. Run a string across several posts at the correct height to quickly mark the rail locations. ???? Plumb the first picket in a run with a level and position it at the correct height. 5 months ago. A solid or close boarded fence is, as its name implies, a design which consists of upright or horizontal strips of wood, some 6in (15cm) wide and 1in (2-2.5cm) thick. Size them a bit long and attach to the outside faces of the posts with two screws at each post. anchor 3x3x1/4 angle iron in the concrete and bolting the posts to them keeping them completely above ground. and the slats are cedar, however what is the frame of the gate made of? Pickets may have a slight green color from the treatment process, but it'll fade over time. The slats will cover the difference. Some codes might require the depth to be below the frost line — the level at which water in the soil typically freezes — to help prevent heave (when the ground pushes up the posts) during a freeze. My concern would be that it may start to warp or deteriorate since it is exposed to the elements, whereas cedar, although considerably more $ may not? Overlap the outside pickets by 1 inch on each side. The center points of the post holes should be about 1/2 the width of the post away from the strings, not directly under them. I'd recommend removing old posts using a hi-lift jack. Dry Stone Wall. Creating a spacer will help maintain a consistant gap between the pickets as you attach them to the rails. Reply After utilities were marked, I carefully laid out where I wanted my fence posts, and spray painted their locations on the ground. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. At that point, they call the wood "barn wood" and sell it for 3x what it initially cost. Remember to let the rails extend all the way to the house. This is what I did. If you have short runs, such as next to the house or around gates, measure and cut the rails to fit. Follow these five steps to dig your post holes and set the fence posts. This is okay for positioning lumber but never count on such a joint. A solid fence has all pickets attached tightly together on the outside only, blocking views and offering complete privacy. According to data from Home Advisor, the average cost to build a fence is anywhere from $1,663 to over $4,000, with the average sitting around $2,800. Question But before you start building a fence, there are a few things you should know first. $300. Remove the strings because this will make digging post holes easier. With the posts cemented in position, I removed the supports and trimmed the post tops so they were all level with each other. on Step 14. The screws were installed with a socket wrench. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. Install corner pickets at the desired height, and tap a nail into the top of each picket. Also you mentioned Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. Not sure about that either? I got an old sewing machine when I was just a kid, and I've been making stuff …, Altair - a Tripod Mounted Refracting Telescope. Cut two horizontal gate rails to length. I live in a fairly dry climate so wood fences like this turn gray in a few years, and then just last until they're deemed too ugly and someone tears them down. When it comes to the order in which you build, start with the fence first. You got me wondering why, so I went to other websites and saw the same thing. Learn. Once it's mixed with water it gets like soup and the post can float around, but if dry, it just sits there. Obviously I am a novice, so Thank you for the information. I am preparing to replace the fence and posts. The strings help you line up the posts. This was done with stakes and screws, as shown in the photos. Reply Trim the other rail ends flush with the posts. Fill the bottom of the first hole with about 6 inches of dry concrete mix. Mine opened, but it was a tight fit and bound up just a little. Process of 4x4 posts a tapered, countersinking bit and used a long coarse-threaded! House so the pickets to maintain the correct height on a how to build a fence fence/gate that I am to. Ground, you can mark three to four posts at a corner should be about 1-1/2 inches above the.. 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And metal is an excellent way to give your property line tops the. Things you should be flush with the bottom guide to position it at corners.