They eat vegetation. Porcupines are nocturnal. Porcupines are selective in their eating; for example out of every 1,000 trees in the Catskill Mountains, porcupines will only eat from 1-2 linden trees and one big toothed aspen. Porcupines have special bacteria in their digestive system that break down the cellulose in wood, so most porcupines have a lot of wood in their diets. They live primarily on the inner bark of trees during the winter, but also eat evergreen needles. There are … An instant birdhouse. Animals that strip bark off trees include black bears, porcupines, beavers, rabbits, squirrels, and occasionally, deer, voles, and deer mice. They prefer softwood trees. [citation needed] Behavior Whatever the reason, they are always the source of headache for many gardeners who want to protect trees. During the winter porcupines damage trees by chewing through the bark to eat the inner bark. But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. Mostly Bark, and pulp of trees, leaves, nuts, berries. Porcupines in trees cause significant damage and can open trees up to diseases and insect infestations. North American porcupines also eat fruit, leaves, and springtime buds. They are very sucessful animals and can be found in most contients, around the world. So one of these predators will sometimes kill and eat a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting into its vulnerable belly. Birds will use vacated porcupine dens, often in hollow trees, once the porcupine has left. Sometimes, porcupines strip bark to the extent that the trees die. In the winter, they mainly eat conifer needles and tree bark. A porcupine that has invaded your yard to eat your trees is not as easily discouraged as the animal that has ventured on to the property to eat pet food. It often climbs trees to find food. They eat natural bark and stems, and have been known to invade campgrounds and chew on canoe paddles. So what good are porcupines? They rarely kill trees. The North American porcupine and the African porcupine differ in one crucial thing when looking for food; the North American porcupine climbs up trees to find food while the African porcupine forages for food only on the ground. They make a wide variety of sounds from whimpers to screams. Well, glad you asked. During other seasons, favored foods are the bark, buds, and needles of trees. Part of the reason why porcupines are roaming the cities, aside from the wild is because they can easily look for food within yards and forests that would always have plenty of food for them without them giving a lot of effort. Predators. Porcupines have become a … In fall, when porcupines eat a lot of acorns and beechnuts, look for nipped twigs under oak and beech trees. In spring, you might find nip twigs under sugar maple, white ash, and aspen, from which they eat the buds and young leaves. Porcupines are Herbavores. In winter, when they eat the foliage of hemlock and spruce, look for nipped twigs under these trees. They do eat trees, dropping branches along the way, which in turn provides habitat for other critters. A porcupine eats tender bark and twigs, along with other types of vegetation. If you can’t catch the offender in the act, then closely examine your tree to determine what areas are missing bark. The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. During the summer, they eat twigs, roots, stems, berries, and other vegetation. They spend a lot of time in the tops of trees. Adults have up to 39,000 quills. During summer, porcupines eat leaves, nuts, and berries. In the winter, it may eat bark. Think of them as free tree pruners. Porcupines average 13 to 20 pounds. And, what do porcupines eat? North and South America, Africa, Europe and many other places. 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