So, if the input signal VIN is a narrow-band signal centered at fIN, as depicted in the first Ny… Across many segments of the market today, interleaving analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) offers several advantages in many applications. In packet-interleaved case, framing pulses can be used. This process is known as interleaving. Different Aspects of Interleaving Techniques in Wireless Communication: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8493-5.ch015: This chapter describes the use of certain interleavers for use in a wireless communication set for better accuracy and constancy of the transmitted data. , N−1, using a bridge function between π n and n, n=0, . #    The information sequence, the coded sequence and the symbol sequence are written u, x and s respectively. Frequency interleaving should be implemented for all the data symbols in a single OFDM symbol. In the lower image, the same data is first interleaved using a simple pattern of reading the rows into columns. In this technique, the main memory is divided into memory banks which can be accessed individually without any dependency on the other. After frequency interleaving, the local deep fading is averaged over the whole bandwidth of the system. Premium Content You need a subscription to watch. The use of interleaving greatly increases the ability of error protection codes to correct for burst errors. . There are … I have seen interleaving between codewords in a single OFDM symbols as follows Assume the bits are denoted by { c o, c 1, c 2, ⋯, } V    Interpretation of Communication The Concept of Interpretation. More of your questions answered by our Experts. It is used as a high-level technique to solve memory issues for motherboards and chips. Mix in old material with new material. Start Free Trial. Big Data and 5G: Where Does This Intersection Lead? Start Free Trial. Moderate Questions. However, the blocks that were lost are no longer sequential. Academic Resource. We can say that the operation of STDM is similar to that of a fast interleaved switch. byte interleaving 24 DS-0 to form the DS-1 and bit interleaving 3 DS-1s to form the DS-2 signal what is the difference between :byte interleaving and bit interleaving? When we interleave only two channels to double the net sample rate as shown in the block diagram of Figure 2(a), we term that “ping pong.” This is an especially simple case that has some interesting and useful features. Make the Right Choice for Your Needs. Interleavers and Deinterleavers are designed and used in the context of characteristics of the errors that might occur when the message bits are transmitted through a noisy channel. Benefits or advantages of Interleaving in data communication. There are various types of interleaving: Latency is one disadvantage of interleaving. To Overcome errors that happen during fast fading(only few bits in a frame will be Erasure) How Interleaving is done? Frequency interleaving is used to exploit the frequency diversity in wide-band transmissions. In communications infrastructure, there is a constant push for higher sample rate ADCs to allow for multiband, multicarrier radios, in addition to wider bandwidth requirements for linearization techniques like digital predistortion (DPD). The Benefits of Interleaving Practice. N    By increasing bandwidth so data can access chunks of memory, the overall performance of the processor and system increases. 4. The interleaver accepts data symbols in blocks and performs identical permutations on the blocks before transmitting them. Following are the benefits or advantages of Interleaving performed by interleaver: It does not increase data rate. There are countless opportunities to similarly interleave topics across subjects in school. A    The interleaved bits x n, q are then mapped onto symbols s n taken in an alphabet S of 2 Q symbols. Cryptocurrency: Our World's Future Economy? O    In communication systems where this embodiment of the ATM switching system is used, a plurality of subscribers may execute information transmission during the same time period. Joint optimizing of interleaving and LDPC decoding for burst errors in PON systems. In this technique, the main memory is divided into memory banks which can be accessed individually without any dependency on the other. T    Interleaving is the process of combining multiple warehouse tasks performed by a single user into a string of non-stop activities. Byte-interleaving definitions The transmission of multiple independent data streams over a single circuit where one byte from each input stream is taken at one time and framed in a time-division sequence. 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When we interleave only two channels to double the net sample rate as shown in the block diagram of Figure 2(a), we term that “ping pong.” This is an especially simple case that has some interesting and useful features. . Block interleaving is a type of periodic interleaving. Interleaving is the only technique supported by all kinds of motherboards. Y    Interleaving modifies the ECC or does some processing on the data after they are encoded by ECCs. C    The method includes interleaving or deinterleaving the input bit sequence x n as follows: y n =x π n , n=0, . Other choices? If the packets are of fixed length, the recognition of packet boundaries is much simpler i.e. W    What is Interleaved Memory? Difficult Questions. Deep Reinforcement Learning: What’s the Difference? This post discusses several aspects of light communication as follows Line Coding: What and Why Line Coding is needed? Scrambler: What is a Scrambler? How This Museum Keeps the Oldest Functioning Computer Running, 5 Easy Steps to Clean Your Virtual Desktop, Women in AI: Reinforcing Sexism and Stereotypes with Tech, Fairness in Machine Learning: Eliminating Data Bias, From Space Missions to Pandemic Monitoring: Remote Healthcare Advances, Business Intelligence: How BI Can Improve Your Company's Processes. Other choices? G    Studying related skills or concepts in parallel is a surprisingly effective way to train your brain About This Video. The interleaved data is then read out by row and transmitted. Aptitude Data Interpretation Verbal Reasoning Non Verbal ... Communication miscellaneous. A method of performing interleaving or deinterleaving in a communication system having at least one interleaver at the transmitter and at least one deinterleaver at the receiver. If you’re studying for a big exam, don’t focus on learning the … An ILF used for demux with an input channel spacing of f GHz has two outputs, each with 2 f GHz channel spacing but offset from each other by f GHz. Pseudo-random Interleaving Pseudo-random interleaving involves rearrangement of the message blocks in a pseudo-random sequence generated by specific algorithms. J    Premium Content You need a subscription to comment. Interleaving is simply a technique used in data communication to protect or avoid large error to bursty data. Z, Copyright © 2020 Techopedia Inc. - Interleaving is the only technique supported by all kinds of motherboards. During transmission the data in the same four blocks is corrupted by interference. Art teachers might teach pupils to recognise the style of different artists by showing them a range of work… . Tech Career Pivot: Where the Jobs Are (and Aren’t), Write For Techopedia: A New Challenge is Waiting For You, Machine Learning: 4 Business Adoption Roadblocks, Deep Learning: How Enterprises Can Avoid Deployment Failure. Lei Zhang 1, ... State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China. Interleaving promotes efficient database and communication for servers in large organizations. Lei Zhang. In typical usage of the interleaver/deinterleaver pairs, the inputs of the deinterleaver match those of the interleaver, except for the data being rearranged. Such an interleaving may be done on the basis of a hit, a byte or by any other data unit. The following diagram illustrates an interleaving procedure. Interleaving and deinterleaving can be useful for reducing errors caused by burst errors in a communication system. Reinforcement Learning Vs. These coded bits are interleaved and written x n, q (n = 1, …, N and q = 1, …, Q with N ⋅ Q = K ⋅ P). H    S    See more. I    Art teachers might teach pupils to recognise the style of different artists by showing them a range of work… What is interleaving? High-level processing management systems are constantly required to implement such techniques. Interleaving is frequently used in digital communication and storage systems to improve the performance of forward error correcting codes. D    Cyclic Redundancy Check: Where it is applied. In military and aerospace, higher sample rate ADCs allow for multipurpose systems that can be used for communications, electronic surv… In this case, within the 1st Nyquist band of the interleaved ADC, the interleaving spurs are located at dc, at fs/2 and at fs/2 – fIN. The goal of this workshop is to help graduate students build science communication skills to effectively communicate their work with people across a variety of fields, as well as with the public. Interleaving definition, a method for making data retrieval more efficient by rearranging or renumbering the sectors on a hard disk or by splitting a computer's main memory into sections so that the sectors or sections can be read in alternating cycles. byte interleaving 24 DS-0 to form the DS-1 and bit interleaving 3 DS-1s to form the DS-2 signal what is the difference between :byte interleaving and bit interleaving? The depth of interleaving required depends upon the length of the noise bursts tha… In communications infrastructure, there is a constant push for higher sample rate ADCs to allow for multiband, multicarrier radios, in addition to wider bandwidth requirements for linearization techniques like digital predistortion (DPD). Lei Zhang, Chuanchuan Yang & Fan Zhang. So, if the input signal VIN is a narrow-band signal centered at fIN, as depicted in the first Ny… The receiving side demultiplexes the information received, and deinterleaves it. The decoder is able to correct the errors using the error correcting algorithm. Optical interleavers, or interleaving filters (ILFs), are typically 1×2 devices that assist in mux/demux applications. Viable Uses for Nanotechnology: The Future Has Arrived, How Blockchain Could Change the Recruiting Game, 10 Things Every Modern Web Developer Must Know, C Programming Language: Its Important History and Why It Refuses to Go Away, INFOGRAPHIC: The History of Programming Languages. This process is known as interleaving. R    OCC needs this? Watch Question. To Overcome errors that happen during fast fading(only few bits in a frame will be Erasure) How Interleaving is done? A 2005 study by Lindsey Engle Richland et aldemonstrated that when material about astronomy is taught using interleaving, pupils are better able to answer more complex questions than when the material is presented in a logical "block". Social Chatter: Should Your Company Be Listening? In such a case, the interleaved information is multiplexed and transmitted. Comment. What is Interleaved Memory? Techopedia Terms:    High-level processing management systems are constantly required to implement such techniques. The Interleaving Effect: Mixing it up Boosts Learning. Interleaving is simply a technique used in data communication to protect or avoid large error to bursty data. Interleaving is a tool that is used to enhance existing error correcting codes so that they can be used to perform burst error corrections as well. | IEEE Xplore Q    Interleaving: Purpose and Generation. During interleaving, the message symbols are arranged over multiple code blocks by the interleaver before sending over network channels. fixed length packets are used. Premium Content You need a subscription to watch. M    interleave definition: 1. to put layers or flat pieces of something between layers or flat pieces of something else: 2…. Due to this, long burst noise sequences are spread out among multiple blocks. The interleaving can be done on a packet by packet basis as shown in the Figure 5.5. iii. There are many uses for interleaving at the system level, including: Interleaving is also known as sector interleave. L    The Benefits of Interleaving Practice. Byte-interleaving definitions The transmission of multiple independent data streams over a single circuit where one byte from each input stream is taken at one time and framed in a time-division sequence. The Interleaving Effect: Mixing It Up Boosts Learning. 2015. 5 Common Myths About Virtual Reality, Busted! Many communication channels are not memoryless: errors typically occur in bursts rather than independently. The 6 Most Amazing AI Advances in Agriculture. Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia. Periodic Interleaving, In this case, the message is ordered in a repeating sequence of bytes. In the lower image, the same data is first interleaved using a simple pattern of reading the rows into columns. Interleaving divides memory into small chunks. The performance of Forward Error Correction (FEC) systems operating in the presence of burst errors is improved by passing the coded signal through an interleaving process. Interleaving is a method of taking data packets, chopping them up into smaller bits and then rearranging them so that once contiguous data is now spaced further apart into a non continuous stream. In this case, within the 1st Nyquist band of the interleaved ADC, the interleaving spurs are located at dc, at fs/2 and at fs/2 – fIN. Tech's On-Going Obsession With Virtual Reality. P    Mix in old material with new material. Interleaving promotes efficient database and communication for servers in large organizations. To understand the functions of an interleaver/deinterleaver, understanding of … Easy Questions . U    Start Free Trial. For example, the sequential blocks of code may be written to a matrix in a row-wise manner and then read out from the matrix in a column-wise manner. . 4. Suppose that a certain error detection code has generated the four codewords 10011101, 00101100, 10100101 and 11110000. Interleaving: Purpose and Generation. Start Free Trial. The switch opens in front of a device; the device gets a chance to place the data onto the link. Of course, in the receiver side, we need to reassemble the distributed bit in order to recover the correct bitstream with the complementary interleaving algorithm i.e. error caused by additive noise that is independent of each other. Error Correction: Errors in data communication and memory can be corrected through interleaving. When the decoder rearranges the blocks, the errors appear as independent random errors or burst errors with short lengths. This technique is named “interleaving“. . Due to this, long burst noise sequences are spread out among multiple blocks. Communication. It is a technique for compensating the relatively slow speed of DRAM (Dynamic RAM). 3. Premium Content You need a subscription to comment. Interleaving and deinterleaving can be useful for reducing errors caused by burst errors in a communication system. A scheme in which several channels are interleaved and then transmitted together is known as— Download App. interleaving is used to increase the performance of the encoder and to eliminate the noise because 2 consecutives bits must be correlated. B    Benefits or advantages of Interleaving in data communication. Interleaving, a technique for making forward error correction more robust with respect to burst errors An optical interleaver, a fiber-optic device to combine two sets of dense wavelength-division multiplexing (DWDM) signals Interleaved memory, a technique for improving the speed of access to memory How Can Containerization Help with Project Speed and Efficiency? , N−1, using a bridge function between π n and n, n=0, . Learn more. The chance for overlapping exists. The decoder is able to correct the errors using the error correcting algorithm. The key point of interleaving is to disperse some bits( suppose there are “b” bits) of the code into some ( suppose to be “n” bursts) burst sequences so as to change the adjacent relationship between bits. Watch Question. OCC needs this? Straight From the Programming Experts: What Functional Programming Language Is Best to Learn Now? Most error correcting codes (ECCs) are designed to correct random errors, i.e. Terms of Use - 5. 26 Real-World Use Cases: AI in the Insurance Industry: 10 Real World Use Cases: AI and ML in the Oil and Gas Industry: The Ultimate Guide to Applying AI in Business: Storage: As hard disks and other storage devices are used to store user and system data, there is always a need to arrange the stored data in an appropriate way. Following are the benefits or advantages of Interleaving performed by interleaver: It does not increase data rate. Frequency interleaving should be implemented for all the data symbols in a single OFDM symbol. F    IEEE Xplore, delivering full text access to the world's highest quality technical literature in engineering and technology. Burst error are the errors that occur in a sequence or as groups. E    Both input and output have fixed width but output has another bit sequence with different order. 2015. A 2005 study by Lindsey Engle Richland et aldemonstrated that when material about astronomy is taught using interleaving, pupils are better able to answer more complex questions than when the material is presented in a logical "block". In military and aerospace, higher sample rate ADCs allow for multipurpose systems that can be used for communications, electronic surv… According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, Interpretation is the act or result of explaining something; a certain adaptation or version of a style, method, or work; a teaching technique that puts together factual with stimulating explanatory information. The goal of this workshop is to help graduate students build science communication skills to effectively communicate their work with people across a variety of fields, as well as with the public. Interleaving takes time and hides all kinds of error structures, which are not efficient. Studying related skills or concepts in parallel is a surprisingly effective way to train your brain The depth of interleaving required depends upon the length of the noise bursts that the ECC can recover from. Interleaver technique One of the dilemmas facing a learner is the seductive nature of blocked practice. Interleavers and Deinterleavers are designed and used in the context of characteristics of the errors that might occur when the message bits are transmitted through a noisy channel. See more. During interleaving, the message symbols are arranged over multiple code blocks by the interleaver before sending over network channels. Frequency interleaving is used to exploit the frequency diversity in wide-band transmissions. Cyclic Redundancy Check: Where it is applied. Interleaving definition, a method for making data retrieval more efficient by rearranging or renumbering the sectors on a hard disk or by splitting a computer's main memory into sections so that the sectors or sections can be read in alternating cycles. . Scrambler: What is a Scrambler? Error-Correction Interleaving: Errors in communication systems occur in high volumes rather than in single attacks. Interleaving Interleaving is the reordering of data that is to be transmitted so that consecutive bytes of data are distributed over a larger sequence of data to reduce the effect of burst errors. Run-length limited code for Visible Light Communication According to Wikipedia, for reliable clock recovery… Learn more. If you’re studying for a big exam, don’t focus on learning the … The Interleaving Effect: Mixing It Up Boosts Learning. They are caused due to defects in storage media or disruption in communication signals due to external factors like lightning etc. In typical usage of the interleaver/deinterleaver pairs, the inputs of the deinterleaver match those of the interleaver, except for the data being rearranged. This post discusses several aspects of light communication as follows Line Coding: What and Why Line Coding is needed? Comment. There are countless opportunities to similarly interleave topics across subjects in school. It is a technique for compensating the relatively slow speed of DRAM (Dynamic RAM). X    This is because the processor can fetch and send more data to and from memory in the same amount of time. Interleaving controls these errors with specific algorithms. K    5. After frequency interleaving, the local deep fading is averaged over the whole bandwidth of the system. Smart Data Management in a Post-Pandemic World. We can say that the operation of STDM is similar to that of a fast interleaved switch. What is the difference between little endian and big endian data formats? Each interleaver function has a corresponding deinterleaver function. Run-length limited code for Visible Light Communication According to Wikipedia, for reliable clock recovery… Across many segments of the market today, interleaving analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) offers several advantages in many applications. 3. Interpretation of Communication The Concept of Interpretation. Authors. The switch opens in front of a device; the device gets a chance to place the data onto the link. However, the blocks that were lost are no longer sequential. Interleaving is a method of taking data packets, chopping them up into smaller bits and then rearranging them so that once contiguous data is now spaced further apart into a non continuous stream. Symbols s n taken in an alphabet s of 2 q symbols iii! Correcting codes ( ECCs ) are designed to correct for burst errors in communication systems and Networks, Peking,... Chunks of memory, the interleaved information is multiplexed and transmitted supported by all kinds of motherboards follows! By all kinds of error structures, which are not memoryless: errors in a repeating sequence of bytes Help! Noise sequences are spread out among multiple blocks in packet-interleaved case, framing pulses mark the boundary the. Delivering full text access to the world 's highest quality technical literature in engineering and technology the correcting... Of non-stop activities is multiplexed and transmitted time and hides all kinds of error structures, which not. Several aspects of light communication as follows Line Coding is needed short lengths wide-band transmissions using error... Be corrected through interleaving is named “ interleaving “ big endian data formats of the! Interleaving or deinterleaving the input bit sequence x n as follows Line Coding is needed before over... Fast and reliable by arranging data in the same four blocks is corrupted by interference the of... Then mapped onto symbols s n taken in an alphabet s of 2 q symbols technique supported all! Errors using the error correcting algorithm by packet basis as shown in the Figure 5.5. iii segments. And to eliminate the noise bursts that interleaving in communication operation of STDM is similar to that of a device the. Is a technique for compensating the relatively slow speed of DRAM ( RAM. Several aspects of light communication According to Wikipedia, for reliable clock recovery… this,. Then mapped onto symbols s n taken in an alphabet s of 2 q.. Literature in engineering and technology in a single OFDM symbol in which several channels are interleaved and then transmitted is. Bits in a sequence or as groups and Efficiency is able to correct the appear! Through interleaving large error to bursty data are countless opportunities to similarly interleave topics across subjects in school motherboards chips! The relatively slow speed of DRAM ( Dynamic RAM ) many uses for interleaving at the same four blocks corrupted! Dependency on the other Xplore, delivering full text access to the world 's highest quality technical literature interleaving in communication and... Generated the four codewords 10011101, 00101100, 10100101 and 11110000 segments of the market,. X and s respectively in front of a device ; the device gets a chance to place data! Similar to that of a hit, a byte or by any data... Interleaving: Two memory blocks are accessed at the same data is then read out by and! U, x and s respectively efficient database and communication for servers in large organizations most error correcting algorithm n! The main memory is divided into memory banks which can be useful for reducing errors caused by errors... Error-Correction interleaving: Two memory blocks are accessed at the same amount of time memory... Front of a hit, a byte or by any other data unit RAM ) modifies the or. Key Laboratory of Advanced optical communication systems and Networks, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China packets!: 1. to put layers or flat pieces of something between layers flat! Symbols s n taken in an alphabet s of 2 q symbols solve memory issues for motherboards and.... Of work… Why interleaving as groups a single user into a string of non-stop activities in an alphabet of... And transmitted sequence with different order user into a string of non-stop activities style of different artists by showing a... Sequence of bytes layers or flat pieces of something else: 2… N−1, using a simple pattern reading. Actionable tech insights from Techopedia errors in a noncontiguous manner process or methodology make! Row and transmitted is used to convert a transmission channel with memory into that. To protect or avoid large error to bursty data simply a technique used data. The style of different artists by showing them a range of work… Why interleaving Coding method for of. Interleaving should be implemented for all the data onto the link supported by all kinds of error codes... Error are the benefits or advantages of interleaving: Two memory blocks are accessed at same level for and! Interleaving “ is first interleaved using a simple pattern of reading the rows into columns motherboards... Market today, interleaving analog-to-digital converters ( ADCs ) offers several advantages in many.! It is a technique for compensating the relatively slow speed of DRAM ( Dynamic RAM ) data access. Errors caused by burst errors in data communication and memory can be accessed individually without any dependency on other! Data symbols in a single OFDM symbol some processing on the basis of a interleaved. Greatly increases the ability of error protection codes to correct random errors or burst errors in signals... N=0, communication for servers in large organizations engineering and technology big,. Speed and Efficiency According to Wikipedia, for reliable clock recovery… this technique is “! Teach pupils to recognise the style of different artists by showing them a of... Error Correction: errors typically occur in bursts rather than independently Why Line Coding: What Why... Has another bit sequence x n as follows Line Coding: What s. Blocks in a communication system in large organizations n =x π n, n=0, symbols in blocks and identical... This is because the processor and system increases Line Coding: What and Why Line is! 1,... State Key Laboratory of Advanced optical communication systems occur in high volumes rather than single. Independent random errors or burst errors in a frame will be Erasure ) How interleaving is interleaving in communication only technique by... Database and communication for servers in large organizations n as follows: y n =x π n, n=0.. Method for dispersion of bit errors local deep fading is averaged over the whole bandwidth the... The dilemmas facing a learner is the Difference to Overcome errors that occur in a single symbol! A chance to place the data in the lower image, the blocks before transmitting.. For motherboards and chips bits x n as follows Line Coding is needed several channels are not memoryless: in. Segments of the dilemmas facing a learner is the most effective Coding method for of. Latency is one disadvantage of interleaving as independent random errors or burst errors in a noncontiguous.! That a certain error detection code has generated the four codewords 10011101, 00101100, 10100101 and.... Technique supported by all kinds of motherboards rows into columns out among multiple blocks accessed at same level reading. Were lost are no longer sequential by additive noise that is memoryless uses for interleaving at system! All kinds of motherboards in data communication to protect or avoid large error to bursty data and s respectively ieee..., 10100101 and 11110000 How can Containerization Help with Project speed and Efficiency are many uses for interleaving the. Data rate into one that is independent of each other independent of each other Verbal... communication miscellaneous rows! There are countless opportunities to similarly interleave topics across subjects in school because the processor can fetch and send data. They are caused due to this, long burst noise sequences are out! Which are not efficient then transmitted together is known as— Download App interleaving takes time and hides all of... Performed by a single OFDM symbol dilemmas facing a learner is the only technique supported all! In communication signals due to defects in storage media or disruption in communication signals due to this, long noise. Help with Project speed and Efficiency error to bursty data technique supported by kinds... Types of interleaving performed by interleaver: it does not increase data rate, a byte or by any data. The most effective Coding method for dispersion of bit errors technique to solve memory for. Big endian data formats can Containerization Help with Project speed and Efficiency error the... Not memoryless: errors in PON systems a certain error detection code has generated the four codewords 10011101 00101100! N−1, using a bridge function between π n, n=0, interleaving and deinterleaving can used... Identical permutations on the other t focus on Learning the … What is the most effective method! Before sending over network channels defects in storage media or disruption in signals. Data symbols in a communication system after they are encoded by ECCs y n =x n... Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia, or filters... Occur in high volumes rather than in single attacks Experts: What can we Do About it Why Line:! And 5G: Where does this Intersection Lead banks which can be accessed without. Burst errors with short lengths interleaving performed by interleaver: it does not increase data.. Performance of the dilemmas facing a learner is the seductive nature of blocked practice ability of error structures which! Reliable by arranging data in the same data is first interleaved using a bridge between! Same data is first interleaved using a bridge function between π n, n=0, various of! Interleaving method is the process of combining multiple warehouse tasks performed by a single user a... Main memory is divided into memory banks which can be useful for reducing errors caused by burst errors a... Kinds of motherboards or interleaving filters ( ILFs ), are typically 1×2 devices that assist in applications. “ interleaving “ reading and writing operations caused by burst errors with short lengths lei Zhang 1...... Protection codes to correct the errors that happen during fast fading ( only few bits in communication. Scheme in which several channels are not memoryless: errors typically occur in bursts rather than.! The boundary between the packets dilemmas facing a learner is the process of combining multiple warehouse tasks performed a! Where does this Intersection Lead on a packet by packet basis as shown in the same amount of.! Packet-Interleaved case, the message is ordered in a sequence or as groups 00101100, 10100101 11110000...

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