It grows 20 to 30 centimeters in height, eventually spreading through the rhizomes to form a green carpet. The pachysandra plant thrives best in full shade. The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. The plant is commonly used as a ground cover in landscape designs because it thrives in shaded areas of your yard. In general, small pachysandra plants should be planted between 6 and 12 inches apart, but you can plant them more densely if you wish them to fill in an area quickly. Clip the tips of vigorously growing shoots in the spring to make the plants more dense. Pachysandra, also known as Japanese Spurge, is a perennial evergreen plant that is usually grown as a ground cover. Too much sun will cause the plants to become chlorotic, or abnormally yellow. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Pachysandra can withstand occasional dryness, but does best when it is kept moist. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Pachysandra prefers soil that is moist and amended with rich organic matter. My weed-filled lawn is driving me crazy—I’d work harder at it but there simply is too much of it. Allegheny Spurge or Pachysandra procumbens: This much overlooked plant is native from Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia to Florida and Louisiana. Do not cut them to the ground. Plant Health Problems Diseases caused by Fungi: Volutella blight, Volutella pachysandrae. It spreads horizontally and needs room to roam. The plant … Pachysandra is a beautiful ground cover but it does grow very slowly. Pachysandra makes the perfect low-maintenance ground cover in shaded areas. ‘Variegata’ bears irregularly white variegated leaves. Pachysandra is deer resistant. When planting in a sandy, quick-draining soil amending with top soil, organic compost, or peat moss will help to retain moisture and supply vital plant nutrients. Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. Does Sedum Autumn Joy Require Acidic Soil? Are My Pachysandra Dead if They Are Burned From the Sun? Missouri Botanical Garden: Pachysandra Terminalis, Ohio State University: Pachysandra Terminalis, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Pachysandra, Michigan State University Extension: Abiotic Plant Disorders. This plant is used extensively under large spreading trees, back of buildings or in other situations too shady for grass to grow. New leaves emerge from the ground on long petioles up to 4 inches long. Prune back the worst of them. It grows from 8 to 12 inches high, eventually spreading by rhizomes to form a carpet of green. While you try to encourage it to fill in as quickly as possible, keep in mind that pachysandra prefers a moist, rich, slightly acid soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal) supplemented with plenty of organic matter. Planting pachysandra now? Shade provided by a building, fence or evergreen will prevent pachysandra from winter “burn” that turns the leaves brown. ‘Variegata’ and ‘Silveredge’ should be located in shade because leaves scorch in full sun. Successfully controlling the spread of pachysandra involves a series of both manual and chemical control methods. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Leaves develop irregular tan to brown blotches, often with concentric lighter and darker zones with dark brown margins. It is a rapid-growing groundcover. Both leaves and stems are attacked by this fungus. Tuck it into … Too much sun causes the leaves to turn yellow. When planted in full sun, growth is poor. Allegheny spurge does not seem to be as susceptible as Japanese spurge. Pachysandra is an easy to grow, lush, shade-tolerant ground cover that many people use to reduce lawn or to fill in places where grass won’t grow. It spreads with rhizomes and will cover bare ground when left to do its thing. Planting Tips. Pachysandra plants require protection from the sun not only in summer, but in winter as well. Japanese Spurge or Pachysandra terminalis: This is one of the most functional plants used in today’s landscape. Pachysandra terminalis, sometimes also called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a perennial plant cover useful for shaded places.Native to Japan and China, the pachysandra is resistant in resistance zones 5 to 9 of the United States Department of Agriculture. Pachysandra is used as a groundcover, particularly under trees, where it competes well for the limited sun, nutrients and water. Pachysandra is considered an invasive plant by the USDA Forest Service because of its rapid growth pattern and ability to overtake other plants. Planting notes. Pachysandra thrives in rich, well-drained soil. The flower is 4 to 5 inches long. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Native to Japan and China, pachysandra is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 9. So transplant pachysandra to those parts of the garden where other plants fail, for example where the soil is acidic or there are steep slopes. Plants are not as vigorous as the species but the leaves are more interesting. Pachysandra plants are a favorite evergreen ground-cover that grows well in hard-to-plant areas, such as under trees or in shady areas with poor or acidic soil. Plants growing in full sun are more susceptible. It is always best to plant on an overcast day and in shady locations. It hardly covers a carpet like ground in three years, and therefore does not need very frequent pruning. Pachysandra ground cover has evergreen leaves that will burn in the sun. It is often associated with scale infestations. Even shaded areas can be populated and turned green. … Pachysandra is tough as well as attractive. Although pachysandra is mainly grown for its leaves, the flowers provide interest as well. Pachysandra is the only satisfactory plant that will grow as a ground cover under Pine Trees. Edge the boundaries of the area where you are planting to prevent spreading. It is the best ground cover plant to use under the shade of large spreading trees or to form a fancy dense green blanket shrub. Holes for new plants should be 4 inches (10 cm.) Pachysandra, also called Japanese spurge, is an evergreen ground cover that looks like a great idea when you plant it–after all, it stays green year round and spreads quickly to fill an area.Unfortunately, this aggressive plant doesn’t know when to stop. deep and 6 inches (15 cm.) Pruning helps its growth. Tips on Planting Pachysandra. Placing a light mulch around the plants will help maintain optimum moisture levels, and that also helps keep down weeds. Here are some companion plants that thrive in similar growing conditions to pachysandra: Boxwood Hosta Bleeding Heart Astilbe Foxglove Camellia Hardy Kiwi Monkshood Columbine Hydrangea … Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University. I typically advise 3 to 4 plants per square foot. Because of its low care needs, pachysandra is also a favorite plant for woodland gardens and as a living mulch underneath shrubs or trees. Pachysandra produces spikes of tiny white flowers in the spring. Ensuring that plantings receive good air circulation and are not overcrowded can help keep plants from being susceptible. When Pachysandra is planted under the required growth conditions like partial to full shade, it will thrive up to a height of about 10 inches tall. Q. Pachysandra is an invasive perennial ground cover that spreads … The dark evergreen leaves are alternate but are grouped in whorls at the top of the stems. Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Pachysandra will transform otherwise bare … A small patch could be treated with a fungicide early in the season. You can encourage the plants to form more dense growth by clipping the tips of the vigorous stems in the spring. Scale, an insect pest, can also be a problem. Mature pachysandra requires about 1 inch of water per week during its period of active growth. But good drainage is key: If soils are too wet, the plant will develop root rot and die. A shrubby evergreen that's about 8 inches tall, it grows as a dense, green carpet that spreads to cover areas in partial or total shade. During the last couple of years the leaves have turned yellow then the tips turn brown and curl up. Pachysandra is a slow growth plant. Place the plants about 8 inches apart. Pachysandra may be a slow starter, but by the third year, it will spread out and create a mass of deep green evergreen foliage. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Transplants are usually planted in the spring at a spacing of ½ to 1 foot apart. Pachysandra’s undemanding nature also shines when it comes to planting. They prefer moist soil, well-amended with organic matter. The leaves are mottled purple and are coarsely toothed towards the apex. Soil should be moist and well drained; Pachysandra prefers acidic soils but can tolerate neutral and slightly alkaline soils. It's a hardy plant, and an ideal groundcover for problem areas, including poor soil and dense shade. Gwen Bruno has been a full-time freelance writer since 2009, with her gardening-related articles appearing on DavesGarden. When to Plant Pachysandra Spring and fall are the best times to add pachysandra to your garden. Clusters of tiny, off-white blossoms appear above the leaves in March and April. Problems: Japanese spurge may be affected by scale, mites, root-knot nematode or leaf blight. They are toothed towards the tip, 1 to 3 inches long and about half as wide. It's a vigorous grower. Fine if it just lasts until spring when we put in pachysandra for the long term, but the bare dirt is sad-looking and people throw trash around our trees, which is awful. Plant Type . The closer together you plant the Pachysandra, the faster it will fill in. The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. ‘Green Sheen’ Japanese pachysandra has especially shiny leaves.Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. The creamy white flowers are borne on 1- to 2-inch spikes at the top of the stems. Pachysandra does best in a location that is partially to deeply shaded. Plants are 9 to 12 inches high. If you are looking for beautiful ground cover plants and want to learn how to grow and take care of it, this is the guide you need. It grows 6-8" high (sometimes even 12”) and spreads by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. And since I refuse to … When planted in full sun, growth is poor. It’s easiest to weed when the soil is slightly moist, like the day after a rain shower. It prefers soil that has a pH on the acidic side, but it will tolerate soil in the neutral to alkaline range. A fungal disease called Volutella leaf blight can cause damages to both leaves and stems. In areas where walks or driveways are de-iced in winter, pachysandra should be protected from damaging salt exposure. Oval leaves (2-4" long) appear primarily in whorls at the stem ends. The evergreen leaves of pachysandra commonly “burn” and turn brown when grown in sunny, exposed places during the winter. And you can grow it in most temperature zones. Pachysandra plant is a member of the boxwood family and a popular evergreen perennial. ‘Green Carpet’ provides a 6- to 8-inch-tall carpet. Newly planted pachysandra requires regular watering until the roots are established. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. I advise to sprinkle 1/2" peat moss on a new area every 2 weeks, to make it look fresh and to see any weeds that will appear. Make sure the planting area is clear from debris before planting and that the soil is loose. Pruning the plant, which in fact does not grow to be like a plant, needs special care. The most common reason that people choose Japanese Pachysandra is for ground cover in shaded areas of their garden. It is under a large tulip tree. Q: We have a steep hill that is covered with mature Japanese Pachysandra that is dying. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. Rake the top 12 inches of your soil and mix in a couple inches of compost or peat moss which make the soil more conducive to water drainage. When planting in heavy clay or poor soils mix in organic matter such as composted manure, bagged top soil, and or a good planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the soil. Plant pachysandra in well-drained soil in a location with good air circulation. This groundcover was healthy for more than twenty years. For these reasons, people often plant Japanese Pachysandra around the edges of … Few ground covers can match Japanese pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis) for toughness and versatility. Volutella leaf blight, caused by the fungus Volutella pachysandrae, causes brown blotches on the leaves and a stem blight. Pachysandra is used as a groundcover, particularly under trees, where it competes well for the limited sun, nutrients and water. Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. ‘Silveredge’ has thin silver-white margins and is similar to ‘Variegata. Another is as a pest deterrent, and it is particularly popular in areas where deer invade gardens. Pachysandra terminalis is perhaps the best known Pachysandra, and is fully hardy and evergreen. Pachysandra terminalis ‘Cutleaf’ has deeply divided lobes that gives it an almost lacy appearance. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1111 | Published: Jun 7, 1999 | Print, Pachysandra procumbens is a much overlooked native plant. Although some people use the plant in their landscapes, it can be difficult to control. The flowers are white but have a pink tinge, particularly if the weather is cool. Plant height is 9 to 12 inches, and leaf length is 3 to 5 inches. It can be invasive, so be careful about planting it near areas where you don’t want it to spread. wide. Plants are evergreen in South Carolina, although the leaves may look ragged by March. Pachysandra can be affected by various pests, including mites, scale and root-knot nematode. This shade plant is native across parts of Asia and North America and will grow well as long as it is planted in shade. Space plants 12 inches apart, somewhat closer if you want them to fill in faster. Read on for information on removing pachysandra ground cover. Although vigorous, the plant rarely ventures past garden boundaries and into lawns. Growth Rate: Because of the rhizomatous nature, plants colonize an area aggressively. Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Sometimes known as Japanese spurge, Pachysandra is a small genus of very dwarf shrubs, popular for over a century for their ability to spread into a dense evergreen carpet beneath other taller shrubs. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. How to Grow Pachysandra Terrific Planting Partners. You may need to prune it in five or six years. It has very dark green leaves. Plant taxonomy classifies Japanese pachysandra, also called "Japanese spurge," as Pachysandra terminalis and as belonging to the boxwood family. 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